Have you ever wondered about the process for donating eggs?
Posted in: Resources, 11/22/2016
Donating eggs is a process where an egg is taken from a fertile woman and donated to another woman who has had problems conceiving.
During the process, donated eggs are usually fertilized in a laboratory setting and the resulting embryos are then transferred into the recipient's uterus via in vitro fertilization (IVF). Sometimes some or all of the embryos may be frozen for later use.
Donating eggs helps women who cannot use their own eggs for reasons including: ovarian failure, to avoid genetic defects, or advanced age.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “Egg donation has a relatively high success rate. In 2012, over 55 percent of transfers involving fresh embryos from donor eggs resulted in a live birth.”
If you are considering donating eggs, there are some requirements set out by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) including:
- Donors are usually between 21 and 34 years of age.
- Donors should be free of infections including HIV and hepatitis C
- Donor medical and genetic history should rule out whether they are carriers of the cystic fibrosis gene, and they should not be at risk of inherited disease.
- Donors are asked for a detailed medical history.
- Donors should not participate in risky behaviors including prostitution or drug use.
- The process of donating eggs is also regulated by The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
At Beverly Hills Egg Donation, our process includes the following steps:
- A physical
- Blood tests
- Drug tests
- Medical and psychological history examination
- Infectious disease testing
- Genetic screening
Donating eggs can be an emotional experience for a donor, so we include a thorough psychological screening of both parties.
What to expect when donating eggs?
- Chosen egg donors may be prescribed medication to stop their normal menstrual cycle.
- Some minor side effects can include hot flashes, headache, fatigue, and body aches.
- Donors will be given a prescription of fertility drugs to stimulate ovaries in order to produce several eggs at once.
- Donors will need to administer this fertility medication via a small injection.
- During the actual donation process, a medical procedure called a transvaginal ovarian aspiration will remove the eggs from the ovaries.
- The donation procedure lasts around 30 minutes.
- Extraction is a minor procedure so an overnight stay is not necessary.
- Most women return to normal activity within 24 hours.
Medical News Today states, “The risks of egg donation are relatively low. The procedures and medications used for egg donors are the same as they are for women using their own eggs in the IVF process. They carry the same level of risk.”
Donating eggs is a special gift that helps families who are unable to have children on their own.